Fatality Facts 2017Passenger vehicle occupants

Passenger vehicle occupants

By far the largest number of motor vehicle crash deaths are occupants of passenger vehicles including cars, minivans, pickups, SUVs and cargo/large passenger vans. The likelihood of crash death varies markedly among these vehicle types according to size. Small/light vehicles have less structure and size to absorb crash energy, so crash forces on occupants will be higher. People in lighter vehicles are at a disadvantage in collisions with heavier vehicles. Puckett, S.M. and Kindelberger, J.C. 2016. Relationships between Fatality Risk, Mass, and Footprint in Model Year 2003-2010 Passenger Cars and LTVs – Preliminary Report. (Docket No. NHTSA-2016-0068). Washington, DC: National Highway Traffic Safety Administration.Pickups and SUVs are proportionally more likely than cars to be in fatal single-vehicle crashes, especially rollovers. However, pickups and SUVs generally are heavier than cars, so occupant deaths in SUVs and pickups are less likely to occur in multiple-vehicle crashes.

Guide to car size groups

Curb weight Shadow (overall length x width in square feet)
70-80 81-90 91-100 101-110 > 110
Note: Passenger versions of vans often referred to as minivans are classified as cars.
2,001-2,500 lbs Mini Small Small Small Midsize
2,501-3,000 lbs Small Small Midsize Midsize Midsize
3,001-3,500 lbs Small Midsize Midsize Large Large
3,501-4,000 lbs Small Midsize Large Large Very large
> 4,000 lbs Midsize Midsize Large Very large Very large

Guide to SUV size groups

Curb weight
Small 3,001-3,750 lbs
Midsize
3,751-4,750 lbs
Large 4,751-5,750 lbs
Very large
> 5,750 lbs or shadow > 115 sq ft

Guide to pickup size groups

Curb weight
Small ≤ 4,000 lbs
Large > 4,000 lbs and carrying capacity = 1/2 ton
Very large
> 4,000 lbs and carrying capacity > 1/2 ton

The following facts are based on analysis of data from the U.S. Department of Transportation's Fatality Analysis Reporting System (FARS) and The Polk Company's National Vehicle Population Profile.

Posted December 2018.

Crash types

Frontal impacts accounted for 56 percent of passenger vehicle occupant deaths in 2017. Side impacts accounted for another 24 percent of passenger vehicle occupant deaths.

Passenger vehicle occupant deaths in single-vehicle crashes by impact point and vehicle type, 2017
Point of initial impact Car occupants Pickup occupants SUV occupants All occupants
Number % Number % Number % Number %
Frontal 3,084 55 1,289 50 1,369 50 5,826 53
Side 1,056 19 357 14 342 12 1,770 16
Rear 132 2 23 1 34 1 191 2
Other (mostly rollover) 1,295 23 891 35 1,014 37 3,232 29
All* 5,567 100 2,560 100 2,759 100 11,019 100
Passenger vehicle occupant deaths in multiple-vehicle crashes by impact point and vehicle type, 2017
Point of initial impact Car occupants Pickup occupants SUV occupants All occupants
Number % Number % Number % Number %
Frontal 4,527 55 1,209 65 1,477 61 7,357 58
Side 2,767 34 428 23 613 25 3,852 30
Rear 758 9 156 8 270 11 1,207 10
Other (mostly rollover) 156 2 54 3 55 2 273 2
All* 8,208 100 1,847 100 2,415 100 12,689 100
Passenger vehicle occupant deaths in all crashes by impact point and vehicle type, 2017
Point of initial impact Car occupants Pickup occupants SUV occupants All occupants
Number % Number % Number % Number %
Frontal 7,611 55 2,498 57 2,846 55 13,183 56
Side 3,823 28 785 18 955 18 5,622 24
Rear 890 6 179 4 304 6 1,398 6
Other (mostly rollover) 1,451 11 945 21 1,069 21 3,505 15
All* 13,775 100 4,407 100 5,174 100 23,708 100

Forty percent of car occupant deaths in 2017 occurred in single-vehicle crashes and 60 percent occurred in multiple-vehicle crashes. In contrast, single-vehicle crashes accounted for 53 percent of SUV occupant deaths and 58 percent of pickup occupant deaths.

Passenger vehicle occupant deaths by vehicle and crash type, 2017
Vehicle type Deaths in single-vehicle crashes Deaths in multiple-vehicle crashes Deaths in all crashes*
Number % Number % Number %
Cars 5,567 40 8,208 60 13,775 100
Pickups 2,560 58 1,847 42 4,407 100
SUVs 2,759 53 2,415 47 5,174 100
Other 133 38 219 62 352 100
All passenger vehicles 11,019 46 12,689 54 23,708 100

Age and gender differences

Twenty-four percent of passenger vehicle occupants killed in 2017 were younger than 25.

Passenger vehicle occupant deaths by age, 2017
Age All occupants
Number %
<25 5,706 24
25-29 2,474 10
30-34 1,907 8
35-39 1,654 7
40-44 1,388 6
45-49 1,419 6
50-54 1,458 6
55-59 1,505 6
60-64 1,352 6
65-69 1,084 5
70+ 3,722 16
All * 23,708 100

Seventy-four percent of passenger vehicle occupants killed in 2017 were drivers; 71 percent of these were males.

Passenger vehicle occupant deaths by age, type, and gender, 2017
Age Drivers All occupants
Male Female Total* Male Female Total*
Number % Number % Number % Number % Number % Number %
<16 20 65 11 35 31 100 484 52 448 48 932 100
16-19 757 68 350 32 1,108 100 1,179 64 655 36 1,835 100
20-24 1,536 73 576 27 2,113 100 2,004 68 934 32 2,939 100
25-29 1,424 73 516 27 1,940 100 1,740 70 734 30 2,474 100
30-34 1,127 74 404 26 1,532 100 1,333 70 573 30 1,907 100
35-39 1,011 74 353 26 1,364 100 1,181 71 473 29 1,654 100
40-44 779 69 352 31 1,132 100 900 65 487 35 1,388 100
45-49 816 70 351 30 1,168 100 938 66 480 34 1,419 100
50-54 863 72 336 28 1,199 100 978 67 480 33 1,458 100
55-59 886 70 376 30 1,262 100 998 66 507 34 1,505 100
60-64 809 71 329 29 1,138 100 890 66 462 34 1,352 100
65-69 602 68 280 32 882 100 671 62 413 38 1,084 100
≥70 1,859 67 915 33 2,774 100 2,172 58 1,550 42 3,722 100
All* 12,500 71 5,151 29 17,662 100 15,488 65 8,208 35 23,708 100

Eight percent of passenger vehicle occupant deaths were in the second or third row; 29 percent of these were younger than 13.

Passenger vehicle occupant deaths by seating position and age, 2017
Seating position <13 years 13-19 years ≥20 years All*
Number % Number % Number % Number %
Driver 0 0 1,139 6 16,504 93 17,662 100
Front row passenger 79 2 505 13 3,225 85 3,816 100
Second row passenger 503 28 360 20 911 51 1,781 100
Third row passenger 42 51 14 17 27 33 83 100
All* 677 3 2,090 9 20,902 88 23,708 100

Driver death rates

Computing driver death rates per million registered passenger vehicles allows for comparisons of fatal crash risk across vehicle groups. The computed rates reflect the influence of vehicle designs plus their patterns of use and the demographics of their drivers. Driver death rates are based on 1-3-year-old vehicles only so as to minimize the effects of vehicle aging. Rates based on fewer than 120,000 vehicle registrations are considered unreliable and are not included.

Since 1978, the overall rates of driver and occupant deaths per million registered vehicles have declined across all passenger vehicle types. Declines in death rates have been largest for SUV occupants.

Occupant deaths per million registered passenger vehicles 1-3 years old, 1978-2017
Year Drivers All occupants
Cars Pickups SUVs All passenger vehicles Cars Pickups SUVs All passenger vehicles
1978 155 237 273 169 235 346 438 256
1979 165 246 271 180 244 350 425 265
1980 167 221 287 177 248 316 494 263
1981 177 216 237 182 259 296 389 265
1982 155 188 229 159 231 263 392 236
1983 148 188 225 153 220 263 337 225
1984 147 190 143 151 218 259 218 222
1985 139 182 141 144 208 257 227 213
1986 128 172 134 133 196 239 224 202
1987 130 178 136 136 197 248 232 205
1988 134 186 121 140 206 251 198 211
1989 130 185 116 138 200 255 185 208
1990 122 179 126 131 188 245 201 197
1991 108 169 109 117 169 229 175 178
1992 102 151 88 108 160 200 151 165
1993 97 137 93 102 153 187 141 156
1994 100 134 87 104 160 178 148 161
1995 103 134 102 107 160 180 157 162
1996 107 127 98 109 168 178 150 167
1997 96 118 93 99 153 161 146 153
1998 90 119 86 94 141 158 141 144
1999 91 120 93 96 138 162 139 143
2000 83 117 81 89 127 155 135 134
2001 84 130 74 89 125 170 116 131
2002 84 123 76 88 126 162 122 131
2003 81 115 72 85 122 151 115 126
2004 76 107 66 79 114 145 103 117
2005 79 110 56 78 117 145 88 114
2006 77 101 49 73 112 137 74 106
2007 70 95 44 67 104 128 69 99
2008 65 87 35 61 92 114 52 85
2009 57 63 25 49 82 83 36 69
2010 49 64 20 43 71 80 29 61
2011 43 49 17 37 62 66 24 52
2012 42 44 16 35 61 56 23 49
2013 41 39 19 34 58 52 26 48
2014 37 38 18 32 53 47 24 44
2015 42 40 20 35 62 52 29 51
2016 44 39 21 36 63 48 32 51
2017 46 37 22 36 65 46 32 51

Historically, the rates of driver deaths per million registered vehicles have been higher for the smaller and lighter vehicles. This was true again in 2017, but the differences were less extreme than they used to be.

Driver deaths per million registered passenger vehicles 1-3 years old, 2017

Driver deaths per million registered passenger vehicles 1-3 years old, 2017
Registered vehicles Deaths Rate
Cars Mini 1,052,460 74 70
Small 8,182,113 444 54
Midsize 10,146,585 416 41
Large 2,732,934 119 44
Very large 1,850,087 44 24
All cars 23,964,179 1,099 46
Pickups Small 973,303 35 36
Large 4,592,115 162 35
Very large 1,533,163 53 35
All pickups 7,098,581 263 37
SUVs Small 6,753,134 180 27
Midsize 8,444,218 167 20
Large 2,023,869 34 17
Very large 400,019 6 15
All SUVs 17,621,240 389 22
All passenger vehicles All 49,527,232 1,784 36

Overall in 2017, there were 13 driver deaths per million registered passenger vehicles in single-vehicle crashes and 23 driver deaths per million registered passenger vehicles in multiple-vehicle crashes. Cars had the highest number of deaths per registered vehicle both in single-vehicle crashes (16 per million) and in multiple-vehicle crashes (30 per million). SUVs had the lowest number of deaths per registered vehicle both in single-vehicle crashes (8 per million) and in multiple-vehicle crashes (14 per million).

Driver deaths per million registered passenger vehicles 1-3 years old by crash type, 2017
Multiple-vehicle Single-vehicle Single-vehicle rollover All crashes
Deaths Rate Deaths Rate Deaths Rate Deaths Rate
Cars Mini 55 52 19 18 6 6 74 70
Small 311 38 133 16 51 6 444 54
Midsize 257 25 159 16 58 6 416 41
Large 60 22 59 22 22 8 119 44
Very large 29 16 15 8 6 3 44 24
All cars 713 30 386 16 143 6 1,099 46
Pickups Small 15 15 20 21 6 6 35 36
Large 101 22 61 13 25 5 162 35
Very large 32 21 21 14 8 5 53 35
All pickups 157 22 106 15 41 6 263 37
SUVs Small 121 18 59 9 28 4 180 27
Midsize 105 12 62 7 21 2 167 20
Large 17 8 17 8 10 5 34 17
Very large 3 7 3 7 1 2 6 15
All SUVs 247 14 142 8 61 3 389 22
All passenger vehicles All 1,144 23 640 13 248 5 1,784 36
Driver deaths per million registered passenger vehicles 1-3 years old by crash type, 2017, for pickups and SUVs by 2WD and 4WD
Multiple-vehicle Single-vehicle Single-vehicle rollover All crashes
2WD 4WD 2WD 4WD 2WD 4WD 2WD 4WD
Deaths Rate Deaths Rate Deaths Rate Deaths Rate Deaths Rate Deaths Rate Deaths Rate Deaths Rate
Pickups Small 10 22 5 10 9 20 11 21 3 7 3 6 19 42 16 31
Large 39 28 62 19 21 15 40 12 8 6 17 5 60 43 102 32
Very large 4 31 28 20 0 0 21 15 0 0 8 6 0 0 49 35
All pickups 53 27 95 19 30 15 72 14 11 6 28 5 83 42 167 33
SUVs Small 75 27 46 11 29 11 30 7 11 4 17 4 104 38 76 19
Midsize 55 17 50 10 30 9 32 6 8 2 13 3 85 26 82 16
Large 9 12 8 6 11 15 6 5 6 8 4 3 20 27 14 11
Very large 1 8 2 7 3 24 0 0 1 8 0 0 4 32 2 7
All SUVs 140 20 106 10 73 11 68 6 26 4 34 3 213 31 174 16

Frontal impacts accounted for 16 driver deaths per million registered passenger vehicles in multiple-vehicle crashes in 2017 compared with 5 deaths per million in side impacts and 2 deaths per million in rear impacts.

Driver deaths in multiple-vehicle crashes per million registered passenger vehicles 1-3 years old, 2017
Frontal impacts Side impacts Rear impacts Other Total
Deaths Rate Deaths Rate Deaths Rate Deaths Rate Deaths Rate
Cars 474 20 160 7 66 3 4 <1 713 30
Pickups 115 16 24 3 14 2 1 <1 157 22
SUVs 163 9 49 3 29 2 2 <1 247 14
All passenger vehicles 774 16 236 5 111 2 7 <1 1,144 23
Driver deaths in multiple-vehicle crashes per million registered passenger vehicles 1-3 years old, 2017, by passenger vehicle sizes
Frontal impacts Side impacts Rear impacts Other Total
Deaths Rate Deaths Rate Deaths Rate Deaths Rate Deaths Rate
Cars Mini 31 29 16 15 7 7 0 <1 55 52
Small 214 26 56 7 36 4 0 <1 311 38
Midsize 169 17 63 6 19 2 3 <1 257 25
Large 38 14 18 7 4 1 0 <1 60 22
Very large 21 11 7 4 0 <1 1 <1 29 16
All cars 474 20 160 7 66 3 4 <1 713 30
Pickups Small 13 13 2 2 0 <1 0 <1 15 15
Large 75 16 15 3 9 2 0 <1 101 22
Very large 23 15 5 3 3 2 0 <1 32 21
All pickups 115 16 24 3 14 2 1 <1 157 22
SUVs Small 74 11 25 4 18 3 1 <1 121 18
Midsize 72 9 22 3 10 1 0 <1 105 12
Large 14 7 2 1 1 0 0 0 17 8
Very large 3 7 0 <1 0 <1 0 <1 3 7
All SUVs 163 9 49 3 29 2 2 <1 247 14
All passenger vehicles All 774 16 236 5 111 2 7 <1 1,144 23

Frontal impacts accounted for 9 driver deaths per million registered passenger vehicles in single-vehicle crashes in 2017 compared with 1 death per million in side impacts and fewer than 1 death per million in rear impacts.

Driver deaths in single-vehicle crashes per million registered passenger vehicles 1-3 years old, 2017
Frontal impacts Side impacts Rear impacts Other Total
Deaths Rate Deaths Rate Deaths Rate Deaths Rate Deaths Rate
Cars 255 11 43 2 6 <1 40 2 386 16
Pickups 77 11 14 2 1 <1 7 <1 106 15
SUVs 103 6 15 <1 1 <1 14 <1 142 8
All passenger vehicles 440 9 72 1 8 <1 61 1 640 13
Driver deaths in single-vehicle crashes per million registered passenger vehicles 1-3 years old, 2017, by passenger vehicle sizes
Frontal impacts Side impacts Rear impacts Other Total
Deaths Rate Deaths Rate Deaths Rate Deaths Rate Deaths Rate
Cars Mini 11 10 3 3 1 <1 2 2 19 18
Small 97 12 11 1 2 <1 13 2 133 16
Midsize 103 10 20 2 3 <1 17 2 159 16
Large 33 12 7 3 0 <1 5 2 59 22
Very large 10 5 2 1 0 <1 3 2 15 8
All cars 255 11 43 2 6 <1 40 2 386 16
Pickups Small 16 16 4 4 0 <1 0 <1 20 21
Large 46 10 7 2 0 <1 3 <1 61 13
Very large 13 8 3 2 0 <1 3 2 21 14
All pickups 77 11 14 2 1 <1 7 <1 106 15
SUVs Small 42 6 9 1 1 <1 4 <1 59 9
Midsize 44 5 5 <1 0 <1 8 <1 62 7
Large 14 7 0 0 0 0 2 1 17 8
Very large 3 7 0 <1 0 <1 0 <1 3 7
All SUVs 103 6 15 <1 1 <1 14 <1 142 8
All passenger vehicles All 440 9 72 1 8 <1 61 1 640 13

Rollover

A vehicle is classified as rolling over if it tips onto its side or roof at any time during the crash. The rollover may occur subsequent to a frontal or side impact with another vehicle or a fixed object. Many rollovers occur after a vehicle leaves the roadway and may lead to occupants being ejected from the vehicle, increasing the likelihood of a fatality.

A total of 7,229 passenger vehicle occupants died in rollover crashes in 2017. Twenty-seven percent of these did not involve any other impact.

Passenger vehicle occupant deaths in rollover crashes by impact point and vehicle type, 2017
Point of initial impact Car occupants Pickup occupants SUV occupants All occupants
Number % Number % Number % Number %
Frontal 1,372 46 726 40 933 40 3,080 43
Side 544 18 273 15 354 15 1,194 17
Rear 108 4 79 4 124 5 320 4
None 577 19 585 32 736 32 1,920 27
Other 377 13 165 9 170 7 715 10
All* 2,978 100 1,828 100 2,317 100 7,229 100

Crashes in which a vehicle rolled over accounted for 30 percent of passenger vehicle occupant deaths in 2017 (51 percent of single-vehicle occupant crash deaths and 13 percent of multiple-vehicle occupant crash deaths).

Passenger vehicle occupant deaths by crash type, 1978-2017
Year Deaths in single-vehicle crashes Deaths in multiple-vehicle crashes Deaths in all crashes*
Rollover No rollover Rollover No rollover Rollover No rollover
Number % Number % Number % Number % Number % Number %
1978 7,858 48 8,460 52 1,477 8 17,093 92 9,350 27 25,573 73
1979 8,010 48 8,542 52 1,666 9 16,779 91 9,691 28 25,335 72
1980 8,673 49 9,001 51 1,588 9 15,679 91 10,282 29 24,714 71
1981 8,211 50 8,188 50 1,588 9 15,692 91 9,812 29 23,899 71
1982 6,974 49 7,205 51 1,305 8 14,158 92 8,282 28 21,374 72
1983 6,951 50 7,079 50 1,256 8 13,868 92 8,207 28 20,947 72
1984 7,116 50 7,092 50 1,358 9 14,528 91 8,474 28 21,620 72
1985 6,900 50 6,779 50 1,361 8 14,805 92 8,262 28 21,586 72
1986 7,954 52 7,428 48 1,501 9 15,341 91 9,455 29 22,769 71
1987 8,162 53 7,363 47 1,629 9 15,991 91 9,791 30 23,354 70
1988 8,562 53 7,494 47 1,582 9 16,467 91 10,144 30 23,961 70
1989 8,060 52 7,558 48 1,620 9 16,361 91 9,680 29 23,919 71
1990 8,068 52 7,382 48 1,556 9 15,705 91 9,624 29 23,087 71
1991 7,749 52 7,131 48 1,523 10 14,407 90 9,272 30 21,538 70
1992 7,135 52 6,693 48 1,492 10 14,137 90 8,627 29 20,830 71
1993 7,002 51 6,821 49 1,524 9 14,647 91 8,526 28 21,468 72
1994 7,268 52 6,637 48 1,669 10 15,246 90 8,937 29 21,883 71
1995 7,802 53 6,940 47 1,708 10 15,464 90 9,510 30 22,404 70
1996 7,903 53 6,891 47 1,691 10 15,869 90 9,594 30 22,760 70
1997 7,712 53 6,743 47 1,774 10 16,114 90 9,486 29 22,857 71
1998 7,848 54 6,594 46 1,872 11 15,467 89 9,720 31 22,061 69
1999 8,255 56 6,502 44 1,839 11 15,412 89 10,094 32 21,914 68
2000 8,112 54 6,841 46 1,800 10 15,356 90 9,912 31 22,197 69
2001 8,375 55 6,786 45 1,747 10 15,030 90 10,122 32 21,816 68
2002 8,724 55 7,114 45 1,952 12 14,934 88 10,676 33 22,048 67
2003 8,462 55 6,936 45 1,940 12 14,828 88 10,402 32 21,764 68
2004 8,525 56 6,764 44 2,022 12 14,439 88 10,547 33 21,203 67
2005 8,730 57 6,713 43 2,095 13 13,902 87 10,825 34 20,630 66
2006 8,790 57 6,666 43 1,919 13 13,229 87 10,712 35 19,916 65
2007 8,429 56 6,528 44 1,844 13 12,330 87 10,274 35 18,881 65
2008 7,541 56 6,002 44 1,529 13 10,459 87 9,073 36 16,474 64
2009 6,868 55 5,538 45 1,451 13 9,630 87 8,322 35 15,185 65
2010 6,375 55 5,245 45 1,365 13 9,366 87 7,740 35 14,611 65
2011 6,148 55 5,076 45 1,293 13 8,896 87 7,441 35 13,972 65
2012 6,273 55 5,201 45 1,312 13 9,120 87 7,585 35 14,321 65
2013 5,825 53 5,168 47 1,257 12 9,111 88 7,082 33 14,279 67
2014 5,570 52 5,059 48 1,304 12 9,198 88 6,874 33 14,257 67
2015 5,802 53 5,138 47 1,458 12 10,343 88 7,260 32 15,481 68
2016 5,919 52 5,511 48 1,616 13 10,911 87 7,535 31 16,422 69
2017 5,595 51 5,424 49 1,634 13 11,055 87 7,229 30 16,479 70

Rollover crashes accounted for 45 percent of occupant deaths in SUVs and 41 percent in pickups in 2017, compared with 22 percent in cars.

Passenger vehicle occupant deaths in rollover vs. no rollover crashes, 1978-2017
Year Car occupants Pickup occupants SUV occupants
Rollover No rollover Rollover No rollover Rollover No rollover
Number % Number % Number % Number % Number % Number %
1978 6,422 23 21,476 77 1,989 39 3,114 61 520 61 332 39
1979 6,416 23 21,102 77 2,222 41 3,201 59 630 67 315 33
1980 6,862 25 20,420 75 2,263 41 3,226 59 735 65 389 35
1981 6,541 25 19,865 75 2,177 42 3,059 58 663 65 358 35
1982 5,477 24 17,667 76 1,935 40 2,844 60 571 66 291 34
1983 5,381 24 17,420 76 1,939 42 2,721 58 609 66 311 34
1984 5,525 24 17,957 76 2,048 42 2,836 58 587 66 299 34
1985 5,219 23 17,857 77 2,044 42 2,848 58 671 66 353 34
1986 5,996 24 18,884 76 2,371 44 2,963 56 737 65 394 35
1987 5,997 24 19,118 76 2,598 45 3,197 55 824 65 445 35
1988 6,227 24 19,598 76 2,762 45 3,327 55 815 62 505 38
1989 5,784 23 19,485 77 2,680 45 3,336 55 847 62 526 38
1990 5,695 23 18,718 77 2,713 45 3,319 55 910 61 570 39
1991 5,443 24 17,295 76 2,593 44 3,265 56 934 61 587 39
1992 4,944 23 16,880 77 2,479 45 2,997 55 879 63 511 37
1993 4,865 22 17,252 78 2,415 43 3,196 57 971 63 581 37
1994 5,112 23 17,510 77 2,393 43 3,211 57 1,102 61 707 39
1995 5,340 23 17,784 77 2,581 43 3,392 57 1,257 63 749 37
1996 5,323 23 18,104 77 2,539 43 3,389 57 1,429 65 781 35
1997 5,143 22 18,019 78 2,479 42 3,443 58 1,516 63 900 37
1998 5,122 23 17,235 77 2,537 43 3,367 57 1,703 63 1,008 37
1999 5,174 23 16,945 77 2,699 44 3,396 56 1,901 63 1,118 37
2000 4,997 23 16,988 77 2,529 42 3,467 58 2,067 62 1,270 38
2001 5,028 23 16,576 77 2,636 43 3,485 57 2,159 61 1,362 39
2002 5,243 24 16,764 76 2,715 45 3,343 55 2,474 62 1,548 38
2003 4,916 23 16,137 77 2,509 43 3,324 57 2,658 60 1,805 40
2004 4,781 23 15,779 77 2,519 44 3,197 56 2,949 62 1,823 38
2005 4,830 24 15,062 76 2,773 46 3,267 54 2,909 60 1,938 40
2006 4,739 25 14,295 75 2,781 47 3,096 53 2,919 59 2,054 41
2007 4,400 25 13,363 75 2,660 46 3,098 54 2,929 59 2,046 41
2008 3,982 25 11,709 75 2,368 47 2,653 53 2,510 58 1,840 42
2009 3,509 25 10,593 75 2,246 48 2,473 52 2,388 56 1,866 44
2010 3,194 24 10,210 76 2,057 46 2,386 54 2,340 57 1,790 43
2011 3,058 24 9,653 76 1,973 46 2,272 54 2,259 55 1,836 45
2012 3,200 24 9,889 76 1,987 46 2,352 54 2,287 55 1,884 45
2013 2,984 23 9,720 77 1,916 45 2,299 55 2,057 50 2,041 50
2014 2,815 22 9,714 78 1,871 44 2,352 56 2,070 50 2,033 50
2015 2,999 23 10,296 77 1,916 43 2,574 57 2,211 48 2,366 52
2016 3,119 22 10,922 78 1,973 43 2,652 57 2,305 47 2,603 53
2017 2,978 22 10,797 78 1,828 41 2,579 59 2,317 45 2,857 55

More than three-fourths of fatal rollovers are single-vehicle crashes. A total of 5,595 passenger vehicle occupants died in single-vehicle rollover crashes in 2017, 5 percent fewer than in 2016 and 29 percent fewer than in 1978.

Passenger vehicle occupant deaths in single-vehicle rollover crashes, 1978-2017
Year Car drivers Pickup drivers SUV drivers All passenger vehicle drivers All passenger vehicle occupants
1978 3,710 1,140 271 5,323 7,858
1979 3,610 1,263 329 5,396 8,010
1980 3,995 1,309 406 5,895 8,673
1981 3,826 1,291 364 5,687 8,211
1982 3,222 1,162 312 4,828 6,974
1983 3,169 1,120 319 4,732 6,951
1984 3,252 1,226 331 4,964 7,116
1985 3,076 1,202 360 4,773 6,900
1986 3,474 1,401 375 5,400 7,954
1987 3,427 1,535 403 5,528 8,162
1988 3,675 1,656 447 5,925 8,562
1989 3,309 1,629 463 5,551 8,060
1990 3,291 1,563 486 5,477 8,068
1991 3,092 1,595 470 5,282 7,749
1992 2,800 1,492 442 4,848 7,135
1993 2,664 1,462 494 4,729 7,002
1994 2,826 1,403 522 4,879 7,268
1995 3,005 1,556 602 5,284 7,802
1996 2,932 1,514 720 5,294 7,903
1997 2,818 1,469 754 5,178 7,712
1998 2,857 1,545 808 5,328 7,848
1999 2,866 1,667 999 5,644 8,255
2000 2,795 1,526 1,035 5,466 8,112
2001 2,836 1,651 1,063 5,654 8,375
2002 2,977 1,668 1,224 5,967 8,724
2003 2,755 1,595 1,331 5,789 8,462
2004 2,706 1,540 1,490 5,853 8,525
2005 2,761 1,711 1,478 6,074 8,730
2006 2,764 1,754 1,555 6,198 8,790
2007 2,634 1,683 1,516 5,934 8,429
2008 2,354 1,537 1,398 5,380 7,541
2009 2,101 1,478 1,273 4,913 6,868
2010 1,946 1,324 1,226 4,548 6,375
2011 1,848 1,297 1,218 4,430 6,148
2012 1,951 1,288 1,287 4,567 6,273
2013 1,805 1,219 1,112 4,181 5,825
2014 1,673 1,195 1,185 4,100 5,570
2015 1,793 1,206 1,210 4,269 5,802
2016 1,890 1,221 1,208 4,377 5,919
2017 1,793 1,152 1,246 4,230 5,595

Single-vehicle rollover crashes accounted for 33 percent of occupant deaths in SUVs and 32 percent in pickups in 2017, compared with 17 percent in cars.

Deaths in single-vehicle rollover crashes as a percent of all occupant deaths, 2017
Drivers All occupants
Single-vehicle rollover All crashes Single-vehicle rollover All crashes
Number % Number % Number % Number %
Cars Mini 74 13 560 100 92 13 703 100
Small 516 16 3,180 100 677 16 4,309 100
Midsize 703 19 3,693 100 942 19 5,010 100
Large 365 19 1,928 100 484 19 2,601 100
Very large 121 18 691 100 183 18 1,021 100
All cars 1,793 18 10,147 100 2,398 17 13,775 100
Pickups Small 305 30 1,025 100 368 31 1,204 100
Large 582 31 1,888 100 729 31 2,331 100
Very large 234 40 584 100 286 39 738 100
All pickups 1,152 32 3,601 100 1,420 32 4,407 100
SUVs Small 280 26 1,079 100 353 25 1,419 100
Midsize 660 36 1,834 100 924 35 2,622 100
Large 215 39 551 100 314 38 827 100
Very large 85 44 192 100 121 45 266 100
All SUVs 1,246 34 3,679 100 1,722 33 5,174 100
All passenger vehicles All 4,230 24 17,662 100 5,595 24 23,708 100
Deaths in single-vehicle rollover crashes as a percent of all driver deaths, 2017, for pickups and SUVs by 2WD and 4WD
2WD 4WD
Single-vehicle rollover All crashes Single-vehicle rollover All crashes
Number % Number % Number % Number %
Pickups Small 190 26 729 100 115 39 296 100
Large 269 26 1,017 100 313 36 871 100
Very large 46 32 144 100 188 43 440 100
All pickups 509 27 1,901 100 618 38 1,609 100
SUVs Small 90 20 444 100 190 30 634 100
Midsize 271 36 760 100 389 36 1,074 100
Large 92 37 249 100 123 41 302 100
Very large 35 43 82 100 50 45 110 100
All SUVs 488 32 1,535 100 755 36 2,125 100
Deaths in single-vehicle rollover crashes as percent of all occupant deaths, 2017, for pickups and SUVs by 2WD and 4WD
2WD 4WD
Single-vehicle rollover All crashes Single-vehicle rollover All crashes
Number % Number % Number % Number %
Pickups Small 230 27 838 100 138 38 366 100
Large 335 27 1,249 100 394 36 1,082 100
Very large 53 31 171 100 233 41 567 100
All pickups 622 27 2,269 100 767 38 2,017 100
SUVs Small 108 19 575 100 245 29 843 100
Midsize 378 35 1,076 100 546 35 1,546 100
Large 130 36 361 100 184 39 466 100
Very large 48 42 113 100 73 48 153 100
All SUVs 664 31 2,125 100 1,052 35 3,015 100

Since 1978, driver death rates for single-vehicle rollover crashes have declined across all passenger vehicle types, particularly for SUVs.

Driver deaths in single-vehicle rollover crashes per million registered passenger vehicles 1-3 years old, 1978-2017
Year Car drivers Pickup drivers SUV drivers All passenger vehicles
1978 32 78 141 41
1979 31 90 155 43
1980 37 83 168 47
1981 35 76 137 44
1982 31 65 129 38
1983 29 62 126 35
1984 27 72 69 34
1985 25 61 73 32
1986 24 70 62 32
1987 24 68 67 33
1988 26 70 55 34
1989 24 68 60 33
1990 25 68 60 34
1991 23 66 54 31
1992 20 56 40 27
1993 19 50 51 26
1994 19 42 37 25
1995 20 49 45 27
1996 24 47 55 31
1997 21 44 43 27
1998 21 43 43 28
1999 20 49 47 29
2000 18 46 42 27
2001 18 53 36 27
2002 19 52 36 28
2003 16 47 34 25
2004 15 44 30 23
2005 16 46 24 23
2006 15 44 19 21
2007 14 38 16 19
2008 14 32 12 16
2009 13 28 6 13
2010 11 25 4 11
2011 8 17 4 8
2012 6 11 3 6
2013 5 11 3 5
2014 6 9 3 6
2015 6 7 3 5
2016 5 7 3 5
2017 6 6 3 5