Top Safety Pick +

2019 Mercedes-Benz E-Class

large luxury car / 4-door sedan

Award applies only to vehicles with specific headlights; applies only to 4-door sedans

2019 Mercedes-Benz E-Class 4-door sedan
2017 Mercedes-Benz E-Class shown

Crashworthiness

Rating overview
Small overlap front: driver-side
Small overlap front: passenger-side
Moderate overlap front
Side
Roof strength
Head restraints & seats

Crash avoidance & mitigation

Headlights (varies by trim/option)
Front crash prevention
Standard system
Superior

Child seat anchors

LATCH ease of use

Other available safety features

  • Standard daytime running lights
  • Optional blind spot detection
  • Optional lane departure warning
  • Optional lane departure prevention

Key

  • G
    Good
  • A
    Acceptable
  • M
    Marginal
  • P
    Poor
  • Superior
  • Advanced
  • Basic

Some ratings use a scale of Poor to Good. Others range from Basic to Superior.

Small overlap front: driver-side

Rating applies to 2017-19 models

Tested vehicle: 2017 Mercedes-Benz E 300 4-door 2wd

The Mercedes-Benz E-Class was redesigned for the 2017 model year. Driver-side small overlap frontal ratings are assigned by the Institute based on a test conducted by Mercedes-Benz as part of frontal crash test verification.

Overall evaluation
Structure and safety cage
Injury measures
Head/neck
Chest
Hip/thigh
Lower leg/foot
Restraints and dummy kinematics
Technical measurements for this test

Measures of occupant compartment intrusion on driver side

Test ID VTN1704
Lower occupant compartment
Lower hinge pillar max (cm) 2
Footrest (cm) 6
Left toepan (cm) 3
Brake pedal (cm) 3
Parking brake (cm)
Rocker panel lateral average (cm) 1
Upper occupant compartment
Steering column 0
Upper hinge pillar max (cm) 2
Upper dash (cm) 2
Lower instrument panel (cm) 2

Driver injury measures

Test ID VTN1704
Head
HIC-15 173
Peak gs at hard contact no contact
Neck
Tension (kN) 0.7
Extension bending moment (Nm) 38
Maximum Nij 0.35
Chest maximum compression (mm) 28
Femur (kN)
Left 1.4
Right 1.0
Knee displacement (mm)
Left 2
Right 2
Knee-thigh-hip injury risk (%)
Left 0
Right 0
Maximum tibia index
Left 0.43
Right 0.40
Tibia axial force (kN)
Left 3.0
Right 2.0
Foot acceleration (g)
Left 101
Right 98

How the driver-side small overlap front test is conducted

Small overlap front: passenger-side

Rating applies to 2017-19 models

Tested vehicle: 2017 Mercedes-Benz E 300 4-door 4wd

The Mercedes-Benz E-Class was redesigned for the 2017 model year. Passenger-side small overlap frontal ratings are assigned by the Institute based on a test conducted by Mercedes-Benz as part of frontal crash test verification.

Overall evaluation
Structure and safety cage
Passenger injury measures
Head/neck
Chest
Hip/thigh
Lower leg/foot
Passenger restraints and dummy kinematics
The dummy’s face largely remained in contact with the frontal airbag, but its head still moved too far to the right toward the gap in coverage between the frontal and side curtain airbags. The side curtain airbag deployed and has sufficient forward coverage to protect the head from contact with side structure and outside objects.
Driver injury measures
Head/neck
Chest
Hip/thigh
Lower leg/foot
Driver restraints and dummy kinematics
Technical measurements for this test

Measures of occupant compartment intrusion on passenger side

Test ID VTP1701
Lower occupant compartment
Lower hinge pillar max (cm) 5
Footrest (cm) 14
Right toepan (cm) 7
Center toepan (cm) 4
Rocker panel lateral average (cm) 0
Upper occupant compartment
Center dash (cm) 2
Upper hinge pillar max (cm) 6
Upper dash (cm) 6
Right lower dash (cm) 5

Passenger injury measures

Test ID VTP1701
Head
HIC-15 205
Peak gs at hard contact no contact
Neck
Tension (kN) 0.7
Extension bending moment (Nm) 21
Maximum Nij 0.25
Chest maximum compression (mm) 23
Femur (kN)
Left 0.8
Right 2.0
Knee displacement (mm)
Left 4
Right 2
Knee-thigh-hip injury risk (%)
Left 0
Right 0
Maximum tibia index
Left 0.55
Right 0.52
Tibia axial force (kN)
Left 1.9
Right 1.9
Foot acceleration (g)
Left 72
Right 111

Driver injury measures

Test ID VTP1701
Head
HIC-15 78
Peak gs at hard contact no contact
Neck
Tension (kN) 0.7
Extension bending moment (Nm) 4
Maximum Nij 0.14
Chest maximum compression (mm) 22
Femur (kN)
Left 0.2
Right 1.0
Knee displacement (mm)
Left 1
Right 1
Knee-thigh-hip injury risk (%)
Left 0
Right 0
Maximum tibia index
Left 0.25
Right 0.39
Tibia axial force (kN)
Left 0.2
Right 2.8
Foot acceleration (g)
Left 26
Right 85

How the passenger-side small overlap front test is conducted

Moderate overlap front

Rating applies to 2017-19 models

Tested vehicle: 2017 Mercedes-Benz E 300 4-door 2wd

The Mercedes-Benz E-Class was redesigned for the 2017 model year. Moderate overlap frontal ratings are assigned by the Institute based on a test conducted by Mercedes-Benz as part of frontal crash test verification.

Overall evaluation
Structure and safety cage
Injury measures
Head/neck
Chest
Leg/foot, left
Leg/foot, right
Restraints and dummy kinematics
Technical measurements for this test

Measures of occupant compartment intrusion on driver side

Test ID VTF1624
Footwell intrusion
Footrest (cm) 1
Left (cm) 1
Center (cm) 1
Right (cm) 0
Brake pedal (cm) 1
Instrument panel rearward movement
Left (cm) 0
Right (cm) 0
Steering column movement
Upward (cm) -3
Rearward (cm) -6
A-pillar rearward movement (cm) 0

Driver injury measures

Test ID VTF1624
Head
HIC-15 180
Peak gs at hard contact 13
Neck
Tension (kN) 1.3
Extension bending moment (Nm) 6
Maximum Nij 0.26
Chest maximum compression (mm) 34
Legs
Femur force - left (kN) 0.7
Femur force - right (kN) 0.9
Knee displacement - left (mm) 1
Knee displacement - right (mm) 1
Maximum tibia index - left 0.27
Maximum tibia index - right 0.31
Tibia axial force - left (kN) 1.9
Tibia axial force - right (kN) 2.7
Foot acceleration (g)
Left 40
Right 61

How the moderate overlap front test is conducted

Side

Rating applies to 2017-19 models

Tested vehicle: 2017 Mercedes-Benz E 300 4-door 2wd

The Mercedes-Benz E-Class was redesigned for the 2017 model year. Side ratings are assigned by the Institute based on a test conducted by Mercedes-Benz as part of side crash test verification.

Rating applies to 2017-19 models

Tested vehicle:2017 Mercedes-Benz E 300 4-door 2wd

The Mercedes-Benz E-Class was redesigned for the 2017 model year. Side ratings are assigned by the Institute based on a test conducted by Mercedes-Benz as part of side crash test verification.

Overall evaluation
Structure and safety cage
Driver injury measures
Head/neck
Torso
Pelvis/leg
Driver head protection
Rear passenger injury measures
Head/neck
Torso
Pelvis/leg
Rear passenger head protection
Technical measurements for this test

Measures of occupant compartment intrusion on driver side

Test ID VTS1621
B-pillar to longitudinal centerline of driver's seat (cm) -23.0
Negative numbers indicate the amount by which the crush stopped short of the seat centerline.

Driver injury measures

Test ID VTS1621
Head HIC-15 158
Neck
Tension (kN) 0.7
Compression (kN) 0.3
Shoulder
Lateral deflection (mm) 28
Lateral force (kN) 1.2
Torso
Maximum deflection (mm) 32
Average deflection (mm) 27
Maximum deflection rate (m/s) 3.53
Maximum viscous criterion (m/s) 0.45
Pelvis
Iliac force (kN) 1.0
Acetabulum force (kN) 1.6
Combined force (kN) 2.6
Left femur
L-M force (kN) 0.6
L-M moment (Nm) 37
A-P moment (Nm) 71

Passenger injury measures

Test ID VTS1621
Head HIC-15 108
Neck
Tension (kN) 0.4
Compression (kN) 0.3
Shoulder
Lateral deflection (mm) 12
Lateral force (kN) 0.7
Torso
Maximum deflection (mm) 9
Average deflection (mm) 7
Maximum deflection rate (m/s) 1.07
Maximum viscous criterion (m/s) 0.05
Pelvis
Iliac force (kN) 1.3
Acetabulum force (kN) 0.5
Combined force (kN) 1.8
Left femur
L-M force (kN) 0.4
L-M moment (Nm) 33
A-P moment (Nm) 80

How the side crash test is conducted

Roof strength

Rating applies to 2017-19 models

Tested vehicle: 2017 Mercedes-Benz E 300 4-door 2wd

Overall evaluation
Curb weight 3,803 lbs
Peak force 23,517 lbs
Strength-to-weight ratio 6.18

How the roof strength test is conducted

Head restraints & seats

Rating applies to 2017-19 models

Seat type: Power leather seat

Overall evaluation
Dynamic rating
Seat/head restraint geometry
Technical measurements for this test
Seat type Power leather seat
Geometry
Backset (mm) 22
Distance below top of head (mm) -30
Seat design parameters
Pass/fail Pass
Max T1 acceleration (g) 15.7
Head contact time (ms) 60
Force rating 1
Neck forces
Max neck shear force (N) 0
Max neck tension (N) 480

How the head restraint & seat test is conducted

Front crash prevention

System details

  • Standard Active Brake Assist

Applies to 2017-19 models

Overall evaluation

  • This system meets the requirements for forward collision warning.
  • In the 12 mph IIHS test, this vehicle avoided a collision.
  • In the 25 mph IIHS test, this vehicle avoided a collision.
Superior
Superior

How front crash prevention is evaluated

Headlights

Ratings are given for 2 different headlight variations available on this vehicle.

Trim level(s)

  • E 300 trim equipped with Premium II package
  • E 300 trim equipped with Premium III package
Low-beam headlight type LED projector
High-beam headlight type LED projector
Curve-adaptive? Yes
High-beam assist? Yes
Overall rating
Distance at which headlights provide at least 5 lux illumination:
car-simpler car-simpler car-simpler car-simpler car-simpler 0 ft 100 ft 200 ft 300 ft 400 ft 500 ft 600 ft Low beams Optimal low-beam illumination High beams Optimal high-beam illumination High-beam assist credit Some glare

Low beams
On the straightaway, visibility was good on both sides of the road. On curves, visibility was good in all 4 tests.

The low beams created some glare.

High beams
On the straightaway, visibility was good on the right side of the road and fair on the left side. On curves, visibility was good in all 4 tests.

High-beam assist compensates for some limitations of this vehicle's low beams on the gradual left curve.

Technical measurements for this test
Trim level(s)
  • E 300 trim equipped with Premium II package
  • E 300 trim equipped with Premium III package
Low-beam headlight type LED projector
High-beam headlight type LED projector
Curve-adaptive? Yes
High-beam assist? Yes
Overall rating
Applies to 2017-19 models
LOW BEAMS Average minimum useful
illumination distance (5 lux)
Amount glare
exceeded threshold
Straightaway right edge 113.6 m None
Straightaway left edge 64.2 m None
250m radius right curve, right edge 83.9 m 4.6 %
250m radius left curve, left edge 68.7 m None
150m radius right curve, right edge 66.4 m None
150m radius left curve, left edge 60.7 m None
HIGH BEAMS Average minimum useful
illumination distance (5 lux)
Straightaway right edge 148.2 m
Straightaway left edge 135.0 m
250m radius right curve, right edge 83.3 m
250m radius left curve, left edge 90.4 m
150m radius right curve, right edge 65.7 m
150m radius left curve, left edge 66.3 m

Trim level(s)

  • E 300 trim
Low-beam headlight type LED projector
High-beam headlight type LED reflector
Curve-adaptive? No
High-beam assist? No
Overall rating
Distance at which headlights provide at least 5 lux illumination:
car-simpler car-simpler car-simpler car-simpler car-simpler 0 ft 100 ft 200 ft 300 ft 400 ft 500 ft 600 ft Low beams Optimal low-beam illumination High beams Optimal high-beam illumination Some glare

Low beams
On the straightaway, visibility was good on the left side of the road and fair on the right side. On curves, visibility was fair on the sharp left curve and inadequate on the gradual left and both right curves.

The low beams created some glare.

High beams
On the straightaway, visibility was good on the right side of the road and inadequate on the left side. On curves, visibility was fair on the gradual left and gradual right curves and inadequate on the sharp left and sharp right curves.

Technical measurements for this test
Trim level(s)
  • E 300 trim
Low-beam headlight type LED projector
High-beam headlight type LED reflector
Curve-adaptive? No
High-beam assist? No
Overall rating
Applies to 2017-19 models
LOW BEAMS Average minimum useful
illumination distance (5 lux)
Amount glare
exceeded threshold
Straightaway right edge 92.2 m None
Straightaway left edge 67.2 m None
250m radius right curve, right edge 50.6 m 5.1 %
250m radius left curve, left edge 52.8 m None
150m radius right curve, right edge 43.2 m None
150m radius left curve, left edge 46.8 m None
HIGH BEAMS Average minimum useful
illumination distance (5 lux)
Straightaway right edge 165.8 m
Straightaway left edge 126.9 m
250m radius right curve, right edge 68.7 m
250m radius left curve, left edge 70.2 m
150m radius right curve, right edge 52.0 m
150m radius left curve, left edge 53.4 m

How headlights are evaluated

Child seat anchors

Applies to 2017-19 models

Overall evaluation
Vehicle trim E 300
Seat type leatherette

This vehicle has 2 rear seating positions with complete child seat attachment (LATCH) hardware.

It has 1 additional seating position with a tether anchor only.

1 2 3
G Good
A Acceptable
M Marginal
P Poor
Seating positions that rely on borrowed lower anchors or have only a tether anchor available are not rated.
thether anchor symbol
Tether anchor
lower anchor symbol
Lower anchors
shared lower achors symbol
Lower anchor(s) can be borrowed from adjacent positions(s)
No hardware available

Details by seating position

1
Tether anchor
easy-to-find location
no other hardware could be confused for anchor
Lower anchors
not too deep in seat
not too much force needed to attach
easy to maneuver around anchors
2
Tether anchor
easy-to-find location
no other hardware could be confused for anchor
Lower anchors
none available
3
Tether anchor
easy-to-find location
no other hardware could be confused for anchor
Lower anchors
not too deep in seat
not too much force needed to attach
easy to maneuver around anchors
Technical measurements for this test

Seat position 21

3

Lower anchor A
Open access rated Yes
Depth Visible
Force (lbs) 0
Clearance angle (degrees) 86
Lower anchor B
Open access rated Yes
Depth Visible
Force (lbs) 0
Clearance angle (degrees) 82
Tether anchor
Location Rear deck
Confusing hardware present No
Has contrasting label
within 3 inches of tether anchor
No

Seat position 22

2

Lower anchor A
No lower latch for this seat position
Lower anchor B
No lower latch for this seat position
Tether anchor
Location Rear deck
Confusing hardware present No
Has contrasting label
within 3 inches of tether anchor
No

Seat position 23

1

Lower anchor A
Open access rated Yes
Depth Visible
Force (lbs) 0
Clearance angle (degrees) 83
Lower anchor B
Open access rated Yes
Depth Visible
Force (lbs) 0
Clearance angle (degrees) 90
Tether anchor
Location Rear deck
Confusing hardware present No
Has contrasting label
within 3 inches of tether anchor
No

How child seat anchors are evaluated