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2014 TOP SAFETY PICK+ criteria

2014 TOP SAFETY PICK criteria

Small overlap front crash tests assess occupant protection and vehicles' structural designs when most of the front crumple zone is bypassed. Frontal crash test ratings can be compared only among vehicles of similar weight.

Moderate overlap front crash tests assess occupant protection and vehicles' structural designs when part of the front crumple zone is engaged. Frontal crash test ratings can be compared only among vehicles of similar weight. Once a vehicle achieves a good moderate overalp frontal rating, IIHS may assign ratings for later models based on data and footage from the manufacturer's own tests. IIHS conducts audit tests to confirm manufacturer results.

Side crash tests are good assessments of occupant protection when vehicles are struck in the side by SUVs or pickups. Side crash test ratings can be compared across vehicle type and weight categories. Once a vehicle achieves a good side rating, IIHS may assign ratings for later models based on data and footage from the manufacturer's own tests. IIHS conducts audit tests to confirm manufacturer results.

Roof strength ratings assess protection in rollover crashes. To measure roof strength, a metal plate is pushed against one corner of a vehicle's roof at a constant speed. The maximum force sustained by the roof before it caves in 5 inches is compared with the vehicle's weight.

Head restraint ratings focus on how well seat/head restraint combinations protect against whiplash injury.

Front crash prevention ratings are based on the availability of forward collision warning and the performance of automatic braking systems in IIHS track tests.

Visit our full site for complete information about our ratings procedures.